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OpenAccess Article
A facile thermal-treatment route to synthesize ZnO nanosheets and effect of calcination temperature
Abstract A facile thermal-treatment route was successfully used to synthesize ZnO nanosheets. Morphological, structural, and optical properties of obtained nanoparticles at different calcination temperatures were studied using various techniques. The FTIR, XRD, EDX, SEM and TEM images confirmed the formation of ZnO nanosheets through calcination in the temperature between 500 to 650°C. The SEM images showed a morphological structure of ZnO nanosheets, which inclined to crumble at higher calcination temperatures. The XRD and FTIR spectra revealed that the samples were amorphous at 30°C but transformed into a crystalline structure during calcination process. The average particle size and degree of crystallinity increased with increasing calcination temperature. The estimated average particle sizes from TEM images were about 23 and 38 nm for the lowest and highest calcination temperature i.e. 500 and 650°C, respectively. The optical properties were determined by UV–Vis reflection spectrophotometer and showed a decrease in the band gap with increasing calcination temperature.
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OpenAccess Chapter
Machine type communication
Abstract How Machine type participates in revolotionary of wireless communications
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Restricted Conference
Up-scalable synthesis of size-controlled copper ferrite nanocrystals by thermal treatment method
Abstract Close-packed cubic copper ferrites (CuFe2O4) nanoparticles were synthesized using an effective thermal-treatment method directly from an aqueous solution containing copper and iron nitrates as metal precursors and poly(vinyl pyrrolidone) as a capping agent. The FTIR spectra of the calcined samples revealed the vibration bands of Fe–O and Cu–O at 315 and 535 nm respectively. The structural, morphological, optical and magnetic properties of the nanocrystal powder samples were analyzed using various characterization techniques. The powder X-ray diffraction unveiled the formation of spinel phase of CuFe2O4 with the average particle size determined from TEM images increased from 24 to 34 nm at the calcination temperatures between 773 and 1173 K. The band gap calculated using Kubelka–Munk function from the UV–visible diffuse reflectance spectra decreased from 2.64 to 2.45 eV with increasing calcination temperature. The electron spin resonance (ESR) spectroscopy confirmed the presence of unpaired electrons in the calcined samples. The g-factor increased from 2.10497 to 2.57056 and the resonance magnetic field decreased from 3.11599×10−7 to 2.55161×10−7 A/m with increasing calcination temperature.
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